The Founder and Father of Taekwon-Do: General Choi, Hong Hi 跆拳道創始人崔泓熙将军

Choi Hong Hi (9 November 1918 – 15 June 2002), also known as General Choi, was a South Korean army general and martial artist who is a controversial figure in the history of the Korean martial art of taekwondo.  Choi is regarded by many as the 'Founder of Taekwondo'—most often by International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) organizations.Choi combined elements of Taekkyeon and Shotokan Karate to develop a martial art that he called "Taekwon-Do" (태권도; 跆拳道), which means "foot, hand, the way" or "the way of hand and foot" and it was so named on 11 April 1955. Choi founded the Oh Do Kwan, and held an honorary 4th dan ranking in the Chung Do Kwan. Due to accusations of dishonesty, Choi was stripped of his rank and position in the Chung Do Kwan. During the 1960s, Choi and Nam Tae Hi led the original masters of taekwondo in promoting their martial art around the world, though these would be only the first of many such endeavors. ITF taekwondo organizations credit Choi with starting the spread of taekwondo internationally by stationing Korean taekwondo instructors around the world, and have consistently claimed that ITF-style taekwondo is the only authentic style of taekwondo, most notably in early sections of its textbooks. He was also the author of the first English taekwondo syllabus book, Taekwon-Do, published by Daeha Publication Company in 1965. In 1972, Choi went into exile in Canada after the South Korean government objected to his introduction of the sport into North Korea, and the South Korean government formed the WTF in 1973.He moved again in 1979 to North Korea where he was welcomed by the government and supported in his project of spreading Taekwondo to the world.He was remembered as the founder and champion of taekwondo.Choi died of cancer on 15 June 2002 in Pyongyang, North Korea. Choi is listed in the Taekwondo Hall of Fame with various titles: "Father of Taekwon-Do," "Founder and First President of the International Taekwon-Do Federation," and "Founder of Oh Do Kwan." Choi is survived by his wife, Choi Joon Hee; his son,Choi Jung Hwa; two daughters, Sunny and Meeyun; and several grandchildren.

崔泓熙生于今天朝鮮咸镜北道的一个小村莊裡。12岁时他曾参与反日活动,被学校停学。之後他师从一位名叫韓溢東(한일동)的老师学书法。韓溢東本人精通朝鲜古典武术跆跟,时常教崔泓熙武术,助其增强体质。1955年4月11日在朝鲜民族武术的名称制定委员会上,崔泓熙提名的跆拳道名称获得通过。自此韩国国内的各种武术得到统一。1959年成立了大韩跆拳道协会,崔泓熙任会长。亦自同年成立的国际跆拳道师范团始,跆拳道开始走向海外。到1963年跆拳道最后一式“统一”正式完成。(即现今ITF所沿用)朴正熙上台之初崔泓熙任首任驻马来西亚大使,他借此机会进一步推广跆拳道运动到东南亚地区。此时韩国由于政局不稳,跆拳道协会林立各不统一。崔泓熙回国后几经努力,终于恢复了原大韩跆拳道协会的权威地位。1966年国际跆拳道联盟成立,崔泓熙任总裁。此后跆拳道运动进一步国际化。或许是心系故乡,崔泓熙尝试将跆拳道推广到朝鲜,但遭到了朴正熙的拒绝。1972年崔泓熙被迫离开韩国移居加拿大多伦多。1973年为对抗ITF,韩国重新建立了世界跆拳道联盟(WTF)。2002年崔泓熙因胃癌在平壤动了手术,之后他不顾病重,坚持参加了在美国举办的一个研讨会。这也是他最后一次出现在公众场合。不久逝世于平壤。葬于平壤爱国者烈士陵园。

Son of Taekwon-Do: President Choi, Jung Hwa 跆拳道之子、崔泓熙將軍之子:崔重華主席

Choi Jung Hwa (born 22 May 1951), Choi, is the only son of General Choi Hong Hi; founder of Taekwon-Do. After his father's death he formed his own International Taekwondo Federation. Prior to forming his own Taekwondo organization he was a Vice Secretary of his father's ITF organization.

崔重华,国际跆拳道联盟黑带九段,是跆拳道始创人崔泓熙将军的儿子,亦为国际跆拳道联盟现任总裁。 崔重华在1954年出身於韩国济州岛,并从七岁起跟从其父亲及著名师贤Han Cha Kyo学习跆拳道。“不少练跆拳道的人练的只是“跆拳”,忽略了“道”的修养,因此所练并非真正的跆拳道。” 这是国际跆拳道总会会长崔重华大师的看法。他主张修练跆拳道者应该更加重视正直、诚实、无私奉献等道德价值观,不能只寻求获取黑带级别和其他个人荣誉。崔重华本身是黑带第九段,属于最高级别的大师等级。但他从不以这个尊称自居,认为道德和品格的修养更为重要。他说:“这些段带级别有时成了人们滥用的工具,一些人地位越高,反而变得狂妄,成为独裁者。我不需要这些名号,个人品质才是最重要的。”

International Taekwon-Do Federation 國際跆拳道聯盟

International Taekwon-Do Federation (ITF) is an international taekwondo organisation founded on March 22, 1966, by Choi Hong Hi (Korean: 최홍희) in Seoul, South Korea. The ITF was founded to promote and encourage the growth of the Korean martial art of Taekwon-Do. The ITF's main functions include coordinating and approving tournaments and seminars, setting standards for teaching (patterns, sparring, destruction), collaborating with affiliated member organizations, and providing services members in regards to rank and certifications.

国际跆拳道联盟( International Taekwon-Do Federation,简称ITF),1966年3月22日由韩国陆军二星少将崔泓熙将军在韩国首尔创立,套路名称为特尔,一共 24套,从天地到统一,象征一天的24个小时,各特尔名称取近五千年来朝鲜历史上从未侵略过他国的杰出历史人物和民族英雄;技术方面强调对肢体的控制和发力。对打比赛允许使用拳腿组合技术获得得分点;比赛时选手戴拳套脚套以保护对方减少伤害。ITF比赛分为特尔,对打,特技,威力四大部分。